The history of Lorrain is made up of men, of struggles to improve the living conditions of the population, of an economy based mainly on agriculture …
All these events made it possible to make Lorrain what it is today to know: a city which knew how to keep its identity while adapting to economic, social, sociological changes …
Lorrain: territory at the origin of fights for the improvement of living conditions
February 1900 shooting at François
Le Lorrain: It’s also …
Ancestral traditions such as the manufacture of “battery syrup”, cassava flour The conservation of folklore, the evocation of the memory of famous men and women like Captain Lainé, Pierre Ozenat, Aimé Césaire, etc.
From Grand-Anse to Lorrain
It was in 1896 that Grand-Anse became Lorrain. Legend has it that the town owes its name to the richest owner of the section, originally from Lorraine.
History in a few dates: The trend might suggest that the history of Grand-Anse begins with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1502 in Carbet. But in reality it all started in 1100 …
1100: The Lorrain, formerly called “Grand-Anse” is populated by the Arawaks.
These people have left saladoid pottery as a legacy.
Heritage that you can discover on the archaeological site of Vivé which is one of the most important in Martinique
1635: Beginning of the Colonization with the arrival of Pierre Belain d’Esnambuc in Martinique.
1658: Conquest of Cabesterre, by newcomers, to which the district of Grand-Anse belongs
1660: Creation of the first sugar refineries and distilleries in Lorraine
1697: Construction of the first chapel and birth of Grand-Anse
1697 to 1705: Stay of Father Labat who will create in 1705 the first parish of Grand-Anse
1697: Father Labat’s stay at Grand-Anse
1715 to 1753: Strong increase in the population. Development of the plantation economy, in particular food crops, sugar cane; cotton, coffee, cocoa …
1794: Abolition of slavery by the Convention; Event that went almost unnoticed at Grand-Anse.
1802: Restoration of slavery by Napoleon Bonaparte, husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, a Creole from the three islets who became empress of the French.
1820: Parish of the “Grand-Anse” very important with a large population including that of Fond d’or (Marigot).
1833: Revolts of the Color Free whose main protagonists are: LASSERRE, Salomon LABOULIQUE and DESABAYE, against the white settlers. Lasserre is a landowner, Salomon Laboulique, leader of the free insurgents of color and Desabaye, leader of the local militia.
1837: The Mayor Desabaye is the 1st Mayor of Grand Anse (currently Lorrain) and therefore we are witnessing the creation of the first municipality by a colonial decree
1842: Decree published establishing the commune of Lorrain
1845: Jean François Rémi LESADE succeeds DESABAYE.
1848: May 22 Abolition of slavery.
1848: Death of Jean-Baptiste Louis Desabaye during the anti-slavery revolt of May 22, 1848 in Saint-Pierre (died in the fire at Maison Sannois).
1896: Separation between Grande Anse and Fond D’or, currently named Marigot.
1900: Period of the beginnings of the revolts which arose at the Vivé factory with the impoverishment of the working world
1903 to 1923: Prosperity of the Culture of the cane. Consequently, a large production of rum and sugar by the two main factories (Lorrain factory, Vivé factory and many agricultural distilleries).
1941-1943: Admiral Robert’s period during the Vichy regime. Mayor Charles EDMOND is replaced by Joseph MAXIME, head of the municipal council.
1947: Election of Joseph Pernock
1974: The strike of February 74 which begins in Vivé, is the consequence of the impoverishment of the working world.
1975: Michel Thalmency succeeded Joseph Pernock and remained Mayor of Lorraine until March 09, 2008
March 09, 2008, arrival at the head of the Municipality of Mr. Justin Pamphile