Pineapple does not grow on a tree, but in the core of a plant measuring approximately 1 m high by 1.2 m in diameter.
In the middle of many varieties, there are two more known on the market: the cayenne and the queen or victoria.
The pineapple is a perennial herb:
the stem, with very short internodes, wears thick leaves shaped gutter, grouped in a rosette from which emerges the inflorescence. 'Eyes' populate the surface of the pineapple.
Above the fruit develops the terminal bud (Crown).
-The cayenne: the 'biggest' family and the most widespread. Flesh yellow, firm and fibrous is acid, sweet and juicy. Better to remove the core that may be hard.
-The queen or victoria: smaller, it hides under his dark yellow bark Golden, juicy, sweet and very perfumed flesh. Needless to remove the core, still tender.
The pineapple can be planted in rows or individually.
The pineapple is propagated vegetatively by releases. Indeed, after the harvest of the fruit, auxiliary buds from the stem form a rejection which will in turn a fruit.
You can cut about a month after having picked the fruit. Need to remove a few leaves at the base and let it dry in the Sun for a day or two before putting it into Earth. Harvesting takes place approximately 12 months after planting.
It is also possible to use the Crown of the fruit to have a new pineapple. He must cut it leaving about 2 cm of the fruit at the bottom and dry one or two days in the sun before Earth. Harvesting takes place after 18 months about.
Should pick up the pineapple until it is ripe. When you pluck it while it is still green, pineapple will become not sweeter as it is the case for other types of fruit. More sunlight is abundant during the growth of the fruit, more pineapple is sweet.
Climate, soil, exposure
Pineapple acclimatizes to many areas. Its water needs are about 1 200 to 1 500 mm, well distributed throughout the year. Its root system is fragile, pineapple requires land furniture, airy.